A complete guide to Glutathione

Who doesn’t want even skin tone, glowing and youthful looking skin? Glutathione promises all of these and more? But does it come at a cost? The monetary cost is quite considerable. One infusion can cost over R1000. What about any side effects? But the main question is does it really work?

BENEFITS OF GLUTATHIONE

Glutathione is one of the most powerful antioxidants. It deactivates the enzyme tyrosinase which helps produce melatonin. It not only decreases melanin but also decreases wrinkles and increases skin elasticity. It also boosts the immune system.

SOURCES OF GLUTATHIONE

  • Taking Vitamin C supplements (500mg-100mg per day),
  • Eating – spinach, avocados, whey protein
  • Supplementing with milk thistle, turmeric (curcumin),
  • Exercising regularly
  • Getting enough sleep (by decreasing oxidative stress).

While there are many topical treatments available (Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Alpha Arbutin, licorice, kojic acid,niacinamide and a high spf –their effect are limited to the areas that they are applied to.

Systemic skin lightening agents work to lighten the entire body- e.g. VitaminC, Glutahione, Tranexamic acid.

GLUTATHIONE AND SKIN LIGHTENING

Many people are obsessed with the desire for a fairer complexion. Colorism and colonialism is to blame for this. Glutathione is therefore very popular in Asian countries and population. Skincare and pharmaceutical companies recognise the growing need for this and are constantly developing new treatments.

Skin lightening is an off label use of glutathione.  It lightens the whole body and not just pigmented areas of the face.

 

GLUTATHIONE DOSE

  • The dose is actually given once a week via an intravenous drip (iv).
  • The dose is calculated according to your weight.
  • Skin brightening drips or patches which are available at aesthetic clinics.
  • Oral Glutathione may not be as effective as IV or the patch because it is broken down by enzymes in the stomach.
  • Results may vary in individuals due to their metabolism.
  • Standard dose is 20-40mg/kg for 3-6 months.
  • Alcohol consumption may interfere with desired results. (Decreased absorption).

Glutathione

SIDE EFFECTS

  • Lightening of hair color
  • Worsening of peptic ulcers
  • Increased susceptibility to melanoma (a type of skin cancer)
  • Renal dysfunction
  • Thyroid dysfunction
  • A severe reaction called Steven Johnson Syndrome

DANGERS OF GLUTATHIONE

The doctor or aesthetician will most probably ask you to sign a waiver or an informed consent form. They will probably say that side effects are rare. If any of these side effects occur, they will be covered because they warned you about it. They will say that you chose to proceed. It is important to discuss this matter with the professional, so that you know how to proceed should you experience any unwanted symptoms.

  • There is a danger in injecting or consuming any unregulated substance.
  • In the Philippines, glutathione IV side effects g. skin rashes, thyroid dysfunction and kidney failure were reported. This led to glutathione being banned by their government.
  • In 2019, the U.S. FDA Food and Drug administration issued a warning that injectable skin lighteners were unsafe.
  • Glutathione is classified as a supplement and not a drug. It is classified as a natural supplement which falls under a big umbrella term. In South Africa it is not registered with the MCC – Medicine Controls Council. This means that it is unregulated.

IS THE GLUTATHIONE EFFECT PERMANENT

Once the desired effect of skin color and health is achieved – usually after a few months of injections- a maintenance dose of tablets or patches is prescribed. It is uncertain as to how long the desired effect will last once treatment is stopped.

Glutathione is water soluble. This means that if there is excess in your body – it will be excreted via the urine. This also means that your body does not store it. So, if the dose is stopped the effect will technically wear out.

 

CONCLUSION

Who doesn’t want radiant, luminous skin? We all want it. But how far are you willing to go? Ask yourself why are you unhappy with your skin color/condition?  Some people want to lighten their skin to look more beautiful and some people want to tan their skin to look more olive. There isn’t one definition of beautiful. It is up to you to become comfortable and confident in your own skin – that is where true beauty lies.

 

There isn’t any long term safety data on IV glutathione. That does not mean that it is bad. That does not mean that it is good either.Try obtaining glutathione via your diet or via a supplement with a proven efficacy – see above.

 

DISCLAIMER

This article is not meant to provide a diagnosis, treatment, or medical advice. It serves as information. The reader is free to make his/her own decision.

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Product Review: Mineraline Aloe Vera Eye Cream

Product Review: Mineraline Aloe Vera Eye Cream

mineraline aloe vera eye creamMineraline is a premium skincare and beauty brand. Their products are formulated with the therapeutic power of the Dead Sea. Their products are naturally rich in minerals and are formulated with high quality ingredients.

They are a vegan and cruelty free brand.

The best part is that they are affordable and are available at Dischem and Clicks.

MY THOUGHTS

The fact that this product comes in a 3oml bottle is impressive. Usually you can expect an eye cream to be housed in a 15ml bottle. It is a highly affordable eye cream because for R199, you are getting a lot of product = value for money.

I liked the consistency a lot. It sits very well under makeup.

If you are looking for help with dryness and fine lines under the eyes this is an amazing product to try.

This was the first product that that I tried from Mineraline. I highly recommend this if you are looking for a started eye cream. (Especially if you want and eye cream and don’t know where to start). For older women, I would recommend layering this under a serum.

For this price, it is definitely a winner!

mineraline aloe vera eye cream

SUMMARY

  • Easily available: Dischem and Clicks
  • Affordable and good value for money R199 for 30ml
  • Helps with fine lines and wrinkles
  • Great under makeup

I love what the brand stands for. I would love to try more products from this brand.

While you are here, did you read my post: how to choose a suitable eye cream?

 

 

How to choose a suitable eye cream

How to choose a suitable eye cream

Do you really need an eye cream? Or is it a marketing ploy? Do beauty companies want you to part with more money for another unnecessary step in your skincare routine?

When it comes to an eye cream there are two schools of thought. Some say that a good eye cream is an investment in looking young. While others say that it is a waste of money and you can get a away using your regular cream in that area.

The skin around the eye area is much thinner and more fragile. It is more sensitive and delicate. It needs specific ingredients to target specific concerns (dark circles, puffiness, fine lines). It needs a product made with a different consistency to be properly absorbed.

The area around the eye is the first to show signs of ageing and fatigue. Dark circles, fine lines, and  puffy bags can add years to your face.

Personally I use my serums under my eyes but I also like to add a layer of a good eye cream over that. I do see a visible difference when I use an eye cream.

It is difficult to find an eye cream that does what it says and doesn’t cost an arm or a leg.

eye cream

Eye ceams – where to start?

  • Eye creams are not miracle workers.
  • Diets, lack of sleep, excess exposure to the sun, dehydration all play a role.
  • You need to drink lots of water and limit salt intake.
  • Stay away from fragranced creams, or creams containing alcohol. Both may irritate and dry out the skin.
  • Consistency is the key to seeing results.

One can start with a simple moisturising  or soothing eye cream in their teenage years and change to an antioxidant eye cream in their late 20’s.

CHOOSE WHICH TARGET AREAS CONCERN YOU THE MOST AND START THERE.

FINE LINES

It is caused by sun damage, dryness and decreased collagen production as you get older. Products that contain Vitamin C, peptides and retinol boost collagen production. Ceramides and Hylaronic acid help by preventing water loss and thereby improving elasticity. Limit your intake of sugar.

DARK CIRCLES

It is caused by lack of sleep, age and poor circulation (which leads to a build of of blood), genes and sun damage. Medications like the oral contraceptive pill and health disorders like anaemia and low thyriod can also cause dark circles. Products containing Vitamin C, Niacinamide, Caffeine and Green tea may help. Sun spots may benefit from using a product with retionol. Check if you suffer from congested sinuses- this may affect the appearance of your dark circles. Take an anit-histamine for allergies. Eg. Ole Henriksen Banana Bright Eye Cream

PUFFINESS

It is caused by a build up of fluid and blood under the eyes. Products containing Caffeine and green tea are particularly helpful because they aid circulation. Cold  compresses also help – eg. Using a cold spoon, cold slices of cucumber and even storing your eye cream in the fridge. Sleep on your back to decrease gravity induced puffiness / circles. Get tested for allergies. Eg. The ordinary caffeine solution 5% + EGCG

ANTI-AGING

Eye creams that protect, soothe and hydrate the eye area contain aloe, jojoba, algae and Hylaronic Acid. Eg. Mineraline Aloe Vera Eye Cream and Neutrogena Hydro boost Gel-Cream Eye.

HOW TO USE AN EYE CREAM

Pat a pea sized amount around the eye area, not too close to the lash line. Do NOT rub. Use in the morning and in the evening. Use your ring finger to ensure that you are using light pressure.

For instant cooling and depuffing- store your eye creams and tools in the fridge.

** If you are using stronger actives like Vitamin C and Retinol in serums – and you have built tolerance to it over time- you may bring them up around the eyes. Don’t use acne products and acids around the eyes. These products may irritate the area and also cause dryness, which will aggravate the problem.

MILIA

Some people are prone to getting small painless white bumps on their faces.  It is a small cyst filled with keratin. Thick and heavy creams may cause or aggravate milia if you are prone to them.  Substitute the thick eye cream for a water or aloe based cream.

EXAMPLES OF GOOD OVERALL EYE CREAMS

Best starter: good for everyone especially if you are under 25: Neutrogena Hydro Boost Eye Gel Cream. It is great under makeup.

Best Drugstore:  Loreal Revitalift Laser Renew Precision Eye cream

Best High end: Ole Henriksen Banana Bright Eye Cream

CONCLUSION

Eye creams are not quick fixes or miracles in a jar. They are there to soothe and protect the area. Botox and fillers can work quickly.

It is MORE IMPORTANT to get the rest of your skincare correct and effective FIRST and then worry about if you need an eye cream. Basics first. Read this post on 10 extremely clever cleansing hacks.

Please feel free to comment here or DM me on instragam for a personalised suggestion according to your budget.

 

11  must know tips to avoid breakouts by a face mask

11 must know tips to avoid breakouts by a face mask

The coronavirus is not going anywhere anytime soon. It has brought about many changes to people’s lives. It is now compulsory to wear a face mask in public. The masks prevent us from touching our faces. They also prevent us from breathing in respiratory droplets that may carry a virus.

It is possible that the mask can cause skin irritations and acne breakouts. Friction or rubbing, heat and moisture trapped underneath a mask all can cause the skin barrier to break down. This may lead to acne breakouts – acne mechania and skin irritation or redness –irritant dermatitis.

mask causing breakouts

ACNE MECHANIA

  • Usually affects people who wear a mask for prolonged periods of time.
  • It is a type of acne that is caused from friction, heat and a lack of air
  • May appear as tiny white shallow bumps.

IRRITANT DERMATITS

  • May be caused by a reaction from the fabric, dye, or soaps used to wash the reusable mask.

Whatever type of mask that you may be using , the problem arises from excess moisture and heat from our humid breath. It’s like wearing exercise clothes for too long after exercise.

Changes to our diet due to lockdown and stress may affect our skin as well.

TIPS

  • Wash reusable masks often, that is EVERY time you wear it.
  • Use a gentle cleanser twice a day. For tips on cleansing read this.
  • If you are prone to breakouts, use a face wash or toner that contains salicylic acid. Also use a cotton mask (softer) as opposed to a rough fabric.
  • Do not scrub your face.
  • Try to minimise the amount of makeup worn under your mask. Switch from a heavier foundation to a lighter BB OR C ream. Accentuate your brows and eyes.
  • Hydrate your skin with a simple moisturiser. Heavy creams can lead to breakouts
  • Don’t forget to use a lip balm under your mask.
  • Silk is the gentlest fabric on your skin. It causes the least friction.
  • Steer clear from strong active ingredients eg. Chemical exfoliants and retinol.
  • The key is to maintain a healthy skin barrier. Use a cica cream, or aloe vera especially if you are prone to dry skin.
  • If you are prone to redness and eczema, apply a cold compress in the evenings afer removing your mask and cleansing.

Skin is unpredictable. We can do all the right steps and still experience breakouts.

Aim for HEALTHY skin rather than PERFECT skin.

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10  extremely clever cleansing hacks

10 extremely clever cleansing hacks

Cleansing is the first and possibly the most underrated step in our skincare routine. You could be using the most effective or expensive serum or cream BUT if you are not cleansing properly – the residual dirt or makeup could be preventing the rest of your routine from working effectively or not at all.

We all know how to wash our face. But here are some expert tips and secrets to cleanse effectively.

cleansing hacks

TYPES OF CLEANSERS

You may have heard of the term DOUBLE CLEANSING. It involves using an oil based cleanser first – to remove makeup and dirt , followed by a water based cleanser.

It is very important to use the correct type of cleanser according to your skin type.

Micellar: dry/sensitive skin – make sure to rinse with water afterwards

Gel: oily/combo skin – my favourite type

Foam: oily/combo skin –  May dry your skin out

Cream– dry/sensitive skin

Oil– most skin types – very good at removing makeup

TIPS

  1. Tie up your hair, or keep it away from your face- to make sure that you wash properly up to the hairline.
  2. Wash your hands well before washing your face.
  3. Wet your face with warm or cool water. Hot water is a no no. Hot water can be harsh for sensitive skin and skin prone to pigmentation.

 

  1. Use gentle massage to apply the cleanser all over the face and neck. Do not neglect your neck. It is one of the first places to show any signs of aging.

 

  1. Do not leave your cleanser on your skin for longer than 60 seconds. Leaving it on your face for an extended period of time will not result in cleaner skin but will actually damage your skin barier.

 

  1. Wipe your face with a clean cloth or tissue. This step is often underestimated. Do not use the towel that you use for drying the rest of your body to wipe your face. This will prevent breakouts. I like using facial tissues on my face to dry it. A face towel used only for this purpose is a also a good idea.
  2. Do not rub your face harshly with your chosen towel or face cloth. Pat your tissue or towel gently on your face to dry it.
  3. Use toner on a cotton pad to remove excess dirt and makeup. Most people feel that applying toner is an unnecessary step. I personally see a positive difference when I use a toner. The trick is to apply it on a cotton pad and then gently sweep the pad across your face and neck. You will actually see the residual dirt left on the cotton pad.
  4. If you have dehydrated or dry skin- do not dry your face with a tissue or cloth. Apply your toner to your wet or damp face. This may help the products that you apply next to penetrate deeper. It may also help to lock in moisture especially if you are using a product with hylaronic acid next.
  5. Don’t forget to exfoliate at least once or twice a week. Exfoliating is essential for removing a build up of dead skin cells. This is vital for preventing dull looking skin

MY ROUTINE

Morning: I use a gel cleanser only. my favourites include Cosrx Low Ph Cleanser and Nirvana Natural Bliss,

Evening: I double cleanse with a cleansing balm -> followed by a gel cleanser. this is effective in removing makeup as explained above. some of my favourites include : Banila Clean it Zero Cleansing Balm, The Body Shop Chamomile Cleansing oil.

Dermoprof: 3 steps to fight pigmentation

Dermoprof: 3 steps to fight pigmentation

Pigmentation and uneven skin tone has plagued me for a long time. I am prone to having dark circles, and a “dark chin’’ as most brown people are. This may be due to hormonal imbalances and damage from the sun. (I blame standing in long assembly lines facing the sun during-my schooling career- we didn’t know about spf yet)

Naturally I jumped at the idea when I was contacted by Dermoprof to test their 3 step skincare system. It promises even skin tone and a brighter complexion. What’s not to love?

PIGMENTO B SYSTEM

I received a pack of the Pigmento B Cleanser, booster serum and cream.

Dermoprof cream, booster serum, cleanser

CLAIMS

The cleanser claims to invigorate tired and dull looking skin .

The Booster serum claims to control sun induced uneven tone / dark marks.

The cream claims to improve and manage uneven-toned skin / dark marks.

I could do with the help with all of the above! Read on to see if these products live up to these claims.

INGREDIENTS

I was pleasantly surprised by the ingredient list. If you follow me on instagram you will know how particular I am about skincare ingredients. The most EXCITING ingredient that screams out to me are TRANEXAMIC ACID and NIACINAMIDE.

TRANEXAMIC ACID

The rest of the world is only waking up to the wonders of this ingredient NOW. While DERMOPROF has carefully chosen this ingredient YEARS ago! It is a miracle ingredient for TREATING AND PREVENTING dark spots, pigmentation, melasma, uneven skin tone. WOW indeed. The fact that it is listed high up on the ingredient list, means that it is one of the main ingredients.

The good news is that it is safe to use for all skin types and all skin colors. It works at treating and preventing pigmentation on the surface as well as in the epidermis. It also calms the skin and helps to restore the skin barrier.

NIACINAMIDE:

Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, improves skin barrier, minimises the appearance of pores, reduces fine lines and wrinkles. Also very beneficial for those suffering from acne. While vitamin C is very popular for brightening however it can be very irritating. Niacinamide is more suitable for all skin types.

Other notable and equally impressive ingredients include:

MANDELIC ACID: accelerates skin turnover thereby helping to remove dead skin that will otherwise lead to a dull complexion.
GERANIUM OIL: anti-inflammatory, anti-septic, tightens the skin, promotes the regeneration of new skin.
GREEN TEA EXTRACT: antioxidant, skin soothing, improves the appearance of sun damaged skin.
LINOLEIC ACID: keeps the skin barrier intact. It keeps water in and irritants out, reduces acne breakouts.
LACTIC ACID: improves signs of aging, fades hyperpigmentation, softens wrinkles, stimulates collagen renewal.

GUIDELINES

It is recommended that the DERMOPROF system be used on its own, and not in conjunction with other skincare products. This is because the other products may interfere with the efficacy of the ingredients.

MY EXPERIENCE

I must admit that I felt apprehensive about giving up my trusted skincare regimen to try this skincare system. My skin was finally doing so well: even skin tone, no breakouts. I also see my skincare routine as selfcare. I was not sure how to feel about a shorter routine.

The thought of the pigmentation around my chin and neck clearing encouraged me.

I noticed by applying the cleanser to my wet hands , lathering my hands first and then applying it to my face worked better. I was able to create a more satisfying lather. I still miss my toner, especially after removing my makeup.

The face cleanser feels nourishing and not drying at all. After lathering it feels more like a cream cleanser.

The serum feels like a thick gel.

The moisturiser is also very nourishing. It applies and absorbs quickly. A little goes a long way.

Note: when trying out new skincare – it will take a few days for your skin to adjust to the texture of the new produts.

CONCLUSION

Skincare is a slow game. It takes a few weeks to see results. I was very impressed with the ingredient list. My skin is noticeably brighter and more even toned. I am receiving more compliments about my skin! I am very pleased with using these products.

Products that contain TRANEXAMIC ACID and NIACINAMIDE are usually available only at pricey medical aesthetic stores. Only one VERY expensive brand is available which retails for over R1500.

Thank you Dermoprof for keeping the average woman in mind. Thank you for bring EFFECTIVE and AFFORDABLE products of the highest QAULITY. The cleanser and cream is sold as a duo R380. The booster serum is sold separetly R280. I highly recommend getting all 3 products if you are looking for the best results.

The regimen is very easy for anyone to follow. Cleanser->Serum->Cream. Repeat morning and night.

I love supporting local brands. Dermoprof is made in South Africa.

There is a 50% SALE currently on their website. It is a STEAL. They are delivering during lockdown. Now is the best time to invest in a clearer and brighter complexion.

Ps. Get ready for the compliments coming your way. I’ve been asked if I bought a new foundation, if I have been for a facial, I’ve been told that my skin is glowing and so on.

 

 

 

#gifted. Although the product was gifted to me, my experience is true. The ingredients are scientifically proven to work. Head to my instagram post to look at the before and after pictures to decide for yourself.

 

Please visit SA Corona Virus for updated information on COVID-19, symptoms, preventative measures and news.www.sacoronavirus.co.za
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